The millage difference shown in the table accompanying this article could be confusing. Much of the taxes are imposed by other jurisdictions (schools, community college, zoo, art institute, park district, and county). Those are taxes that the city and township collect but over which they have no control. The more relevant comparison is the millage for local operations. Clarkston’s operating millage is 13.1979 mills. The equivalent township millage is 8.4814—a difference of 4.7165 mills. I am hopeful that the city’s operating millage can be reduced in future years because of its substantial fund balance (the accumulation of prior year surpluses). In addition to the operating millage, the city also imposes a debt millage to pay off bonds used to finance road and water improvements and special assessments for the same purpose. Those will end when the bonds are paid off, reducing the total city millage by 5.4527 mills.