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Born August 1st
1779: Francis Scott Key, author of the Star Spangled Banner.
1818: Maria Mitchell, the first female astronomer in the U.S.
1819: Herman Melville, author of Moby Dick
1942: Jerry Garcia, lead singer of the Grateful Dead.
1951: Jim Carroll, musician and writer of The Basketball Diaries.
August 1st
in history
1801: The American schooner Enterprise captures the Barbary cruiser Tripoli.Often venturing into harm's way, America's most famous sailing ship, the Constitution, twice came close to oblivion.
1834: Slavery is abolished throughout the British Empire.
1864: Union General Ulysses S. Grant gives general Philip H. Sheridan the mission of clearing the Shenandoah Valley of Confederate forces.After nearly 10 months of trench warfare, Confederate resistance at Petersburg, Virginia, suddenly collapsed.
1872: The first long-distance gas pipeline in the U.S. is completed. Designed for natural gas, the two-inch pipe ran five miles from Newton Wells to Titusville, Pennsylvania.
1873: San Francisco's first cable cars begin running, operated by Hallidie's Clay Street Hill Railroad Company.